детские сады в германии

Ясли для малышей в Германии

Ясли в Германии предназначены для детей до 3-х лет. Возраст, с которого ребенка берут в ясли, определяет руководство: в одни можно отдать ребенка с рождения, в другие с 3-х месяцев, в некоторые с 6-ти месяцев. Здесь малышам оказывается внимание и уход, они получают здоровое питание, с ними играют в развивающие игры, учат общаться со сверстниками, гуляют на свежем воздухе.

Персонал и размер групп в яслях

Персонал состоит из воспитателей и нянь, однако часто они выполняют одинаковые функции: играют с детьми, меняют им подгузники, накрывают на стол и кормят, если ребенок сам еще не умеет есть, одевают на прогулку и гуляют с ними, укладывают спать. Обычно группы формируют из детей одинакового возраста, количество которых по рекомендациям Общества по охране здоровья в раннем детстве (GAIMH) должно составлять от 6 до 8. Однако мест в яслях, как и в детских садиках зачастую не хватает, поэтому детей в группе бывает и больше.

Количество персонала зависит от возраста и количества детей в группе. Существует следующая рекомендация по количеству воспитателей и нянь: 1 работник на 2 ребенка в возрасте от 0 до 12 месяцев, 1 работник на 3 ребенка в возрасте от 12 до 24 месяцев, 1 работник на 4 ребенка в возрасте от 24 до 36 месяцев. Однако реальное количество персонала может отличаться от этих цифр.

ясли для детей в германии

Разделение детей на группы бывает также по времени посещения яслей. Например, в одну группу приводят детей с 7-30 утра, в другую с 8-00, а третью в 13-00. Продолжительность пребывания в яслях также может быть разной, например до 12-30, до 14-00 или до 17-00.

Размер оплаты за ясли в Германии

Оплата за ребенка отличается в разных землях и городах. Она зависит от многих факторов. На размер оплаты влияют: количество часов, которые ребенок проводит в яслях, количество детей в семье, уровень доходов родителей, время посещения детского сада (до обеда, после обеда). Ниже я привела примеры размера оплаты за ясли в разных городах.

Город Количество часов Время Сумма в евро
Мюнхен

Ясли 1

4-5 часов 13.00 — 18.00 499,-
4-5 часов 07.30 — 13.00 599,-
5-6 часов 07.30 – 14.00 649,-
7-8 часов 07.30 – 16.00 749,-

Ясли 2

4-5 часов 06.30 – 12.00 234,-
До 6 часов 06.30 – 13.00 281,-
До 7 часов 06.30 – 14.00 328,-
До 8 часов 06.30 – 15.00 370,-
До 9 часов 06.30 – 16.00 397,-
Дрезден 4-5 часов 7.30 – 11.30 89,34
До 6 часов 6.30 – 12.30 119,11
До 11 часов 06.00 – 17.00 178,67
Бремен 8 часов 08.00-16.00 280,-
Равенсбург

Ясли 1

6 часов 08.00 – 14.00 247,- (если в семье один ребенок)
209,50 (если в семье 2 ребенка)
164,50 (если в семье 3 ребенка)
9,5 часов 07.30 – 17.00 384,50 (если в семье один ребенок)
317,- (если в семье 2 ребенка)
237,- (если в семье 3 ребенка)

Ясли 2

6 часов 08.00 – 14.00 107,- (если в семье один ребенок)
99,50 (если в семье 2 ребенка)
90,50 (если в семье 3 ребенка)
9,5 часов 07.30 – 17.00 143,50 (если в семье один ребенок)
121,- (если в семье 2 ребенка)
105,- (если в семье 3 ребенка)

Кроме яслей, малыши до 3-х лет могут находится у Дневных мам (Tagesmutter) или оставаться с нянями. После трех лет дети ходят в детский сад (Kindergarten). Подробнее об этом я рассказала в статье Детские сады в Германии. Об опыте посещения яслей нашим ребенком я напишу в одном из следующих постов.

Елена, 22.10.2015

Ясли для малышей в Германии: 123 комментария

  1. Ирина

    Елена, цена между яслями в Равенсбурге отличается более чем в 2 раза. В яслях 1 — меньше детей? игрушек больше? расположены ясли в лучшем здании?
    Будем с нетерпением ждать статьи про Ваши ясли.

    1. Elena Автор записи

      Ирина, я не анализировала преимущества одних яслей перед другими, а привела эти цифры для наглядности того, насколько может отличаться оплата за ясли. Скорее всего на разницу в сумме влияют различные факторы, возможно и те, о которых вы написали тоже.

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